INDONESIA SAILING IN THE DIGITALIZATION ERA: Study of Economic and Security Aspects
Digital talent Human Resources (HR) is very urgent in meeting the needs of the times in the era of digitalization of various aspects of the economy. Research by McKinsey and the World Bank says that Indonesia needs around nine million digital talents from 2015 to 2030. This means that there is a need for 600,000 human resources experts in the digital field every year. The dream of 2045 as a historic year for Indonesia, which reaches a century of age starting from the year of its birth in 1945, will only be achieved if Indonesia is able to prepare economic infrastructure with qualified human resources. 2045 is the year Indonesia aspires to be golden, with the vision of becoming a developed country and becoming the 4th largest economic power in the world.
The main instrument for reaching 2045 is the mastery of digital technology in the midst of the trend of the industrial revolution 4.0, which is marked by the spread of digital technology, big data, and the internet of things. Early mitigation strategies for preventing criminal acts in the field of Information and Electronic Transactions in the digital space must be dynamic following the development of information technology in the field, which is the background for several articles of Law Number 11 of 2008 concerning Electronic Information and Transactions, which are now in the process of being amended for the second time.
Expert opinions, technological developments, and the privacy of electronic transaction data
Nur Munir, as an expert from the PKB Fraction of the DPR RI, said, "In this era of technology, how can we provide a sense of security and comfort so that people's rights as technology users can have human rights to obtain security in the confidentiality of user data?" Nur Munir continued his statement, welcoming the 'Golden Indonesia 2045' era of the PKB DPR-RI faction and expecting optimism from various groups to jointly welcome the economic growth in Indonesia. We must succeed in implementing the demographic bonus in Indonesia; we must succeed in cultivating human resources so that we are able to get there.
Dr. H. Taufiq R. Abdullah said, "Digitalization has to be addressed. When we talk about digitalization, we must assure user privacy and data security is one of the human rights that must be enforced in the current period of technical advancements and digitalization with legal certainty. by developing a 'anonymous' method to shield user identity and information.
In order to ensure that Indonesians are not just imprisoned as consumers but also as creators and producers of digital products and technology, strengthening digitalization must begin with developing human resources capable of producing their digitization technology.
"Indonesia must be able to advance its knowledge and technology in the digital sphere, including artificial intelligence (AI) technologies. As a demographic bonus, Indonesia needs to be prepared to foresee the future of the digital world quickly so that we don't miss opportunities like the current growth of AI, which has already been seized by the United States, China, Brazil, South Africa, and even our neighbor Malaysia. Indonesia's human resources must be prepared with competitive talents, which must be cultivated as early as feasible. Toronata Tambun, ST, MBA, made this claim.
Meanwhile, Kombes Pol, Drs. Lilik Apriyanto, explained that currently the threat to the nation is Political conflicts, social conflicts, intolerance, the Caliphate (radical understanding), and the economy, which are examples of where many things and wrong information (HOAX) are spread through digital transactions. Therefore, together with the government, the Security Intelligence Agency always increases the level of public cyber security so that data confidentiality can always be maintained. However, the threat of leakage of digital users' data is constantly being faced, hence the need for public intelligence to use digital technology wisely.
Furthermore, according to Tequila B. Baster, M.S., J.D., International Consultant, Moores Rowland Indonesia; Program Coordinator at FIHRRST, "The security of digital users (data subjects) should be supported by convenience or contract agreements (Terms and Conditions) in a way that is easier to understand as well as simple and not too long before pressing the 'agree' or 'Ok' button in the sign-up process on a particular platform or application. Difficulty in understanding this contact can be a "trap" where users don't know where their data is being processed."
For instance, a user of an Apple device may doubt or assume that the manufacturer is unable to protect the privacy of user information. Apple has now introduced a new feature that gives customers the power to restrict the dissemination of their digital data and information in an effort to allay these concerns. Government rules governing the security and protection of user data on digital platforms must continuously be updated. Regulations and legislation in the area of technology and digital must continually adapt and be updated since technology is always developing and updating its capabilities and functions. The government needs to be proactive as well as reactive.
For three consecutive years, there has been a sequence of changes through Constitutional Court Decisions, namely, Number 50/PUU-VI/2008, Number 2/PUU-VII/2009, and Number 5/PUU-VIII/2010. This series of legal changes shows how dynamic social change is in rhythm with the rapid development of information and communication technology that facilitates social dynamics, demanding renewal of legislation. It is even possible that Artificial Intelligence (AI) technology, which is currently developing in people's lives, will also demand new laws and regulations.
**By: Stefani W. Anggraeni — Marketing Communications & Social Media Specialist